Dressage is a French term, most commonly translated to mean "training") is a highly skilled form of riding performed in exhibition and competition, as well as an "art" sometimes pursued solely for the sake of mastery. As an equestrian sport defined by the International Equestrian Federation (FEI), dressage is "the highest expression of horse training" where "horse and rider are expected to perform from memory a series of predetermined movements.
It is a sport of beauty and is only possible when there is a true partnership with the horse and rider. The skills are difficult but once learnt will help the rider to improve any horse and help both horse and rider enjoy any discipline. Dressage become an Olympic Sport in the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm.
Competition dressage is judged on the paces, impulsion, submission and the riders effectiveness over a series of carefully prepared test movements. It is the judges responsibility to give guidance to the rider to tell them if they have consolidated the horses correct training enough at the level required before advancing. The national levels are: preliminary, novice, elementary, medium and advanced. Whereas the international levels are Prix St George, Intermediaire 1, Intermediaie 11 and finally Grand Prix. Most competitors start off at unofficial levels before progressing to the more demanding official competitions.